The liver is one of the vital organs of the body, responsible for hundreds of chemical actions that the body needs to survive. It is also a gland because it secretes chemicals that are used by other parts of the body. For these reasons the liver is both an organ and a gland, and it supports nearly every other organ in the body in some facet.
The liver's main job is to filter the blood coming from the digestive tract, before passing it to the rest of the body. It is responsible for making many of the proteins in the body that are required for many functions, including blood clotting factors, and albumin, required to maintain fluid within the circulation system. The liver is also responsible for manufacturing cholesterol and triglycerides. Carbohydrates are also produced in the liver and the organ is responsible for turning glucose into glycogen that can be stored both in the liver and in the muscle cells. Liver also stores some vitamins and minerals such as vitamin A, D, K, B12, folic acid and iron.
The liver also plays an important role in detoxifying the body. The organ converts ammonia, a byproduct of metabolism in the body, into urea that is excreted in the urine by the kidneys. The liver also breaks down medications and drugs, including alcohol, and is responsible for breaking down insulin and other hormones in the body. As it does so, the liver secretes bile that ends up back in the intestines. Whereas bile’s salts break up fat into smaller pieces so it can be absorbed more easily in the small intestine.
There are so much things your liver does for you on a daily basis, so show you care by finding out what can damage your liver, including common toxins to avoid, as well as provide it with essential nutrients and keep your liver working at its best.